Pennington Research Association
Which Family Group Do I Belong With?

To learn which Family Group you may belong with, start by identifying your oldest know Pennington ancestor.  Please note that we use the word "known" to mean the oldest Pennington ancestor that you are very confident you are related to and you can provide evidence and/or sources/citations to support the connection.

In most cases this is usually your 4th - 5th grandparents.  If you're really lucky and have been provided a longer lineage, please be sure the sources and evidence are primary or secondary sources.

Just citing a family tree or website will not help.  Many of these online family trees have no sources or evidence to support their claim to a family connection.  It is important that any source/citation you use meets the standards of the National Genealogical Society for each family connection YOU make in your family lineage.

Be very careful of family trees found on websites like  Be sure to check the sources for any family tree found on a website.  For more help, check our our web page on Sources.

Now check our Family Groups web page.  Next, check your ancestor's name against those in the Family Groups and see if you can find a possible match.

If you do not find your oldest known Pennington ancestor, you can join the PRA and we will conduct a search of our master database and do our best to help you find a connection to a known Family Group.

You can also post a query on the PRA's mailing list or send a query to Gene Pennington, Research Director.

You may find this article of value in your search.  Click here to read an article published in the Pennington Pedigrees, Vol. 11, No. 2, pgs. 6-22* titled "How To Find To Which Group You Belong".

*Please note you will need Adobe Reader to open these files.  These files cannot be printed but can be copied to your computer.  Please note the PRA's copyright policy for use of this material.  Click here to read our Copyright Policy to learn how you can use this information.

*If you do not have Adobe Reader, click here to download a free copy of Adobe Reader.

What if I Can't Find a Family Group for My Ancestors?

First of all, you're not alone!  In fact, many of our PRA members do not know which Family Group they belong with  - but they are trying to find a connection.  Another little know fact is that the PRA Family Groups represent a small part of the total Family Groups contained in the PRA's master database - the JFMF.  Most of the Family Groups are waiting for somebody to volunteer to start a new Family Group.

The original Pennington Family Group assignments were first designated some 35 years ago at the start of the Pennington Research Association. Constant genealogical study over the years reveals that certain groups can, and have been, combined when a common ancestor is found. Combined with the DNA Study, we are learning more about our common ancestors and we anticipate more Family Groups will be combined as our genealogical research and DNA Study continues. The Family Groups represent the genealogical work done to date.

Click here to learn more about starting a new Family Group.

The three words on the scroll of the Coats of Arms are "Vincit amor patriae"

"Vincit amor patriae" means "The love of my country prevails" or "Love of Country Conquers" which is the United States Army 28th Infantry Regiment's motto.   "Vincent amor patriae laudumque immensa cupido" means "The love of my country exceeds everything."

The following motto appears in English above the mountain cat of the original Baron Muncaster Crest.  "Firm, Vigilant, Active" -Virg. AEn. vi. 823 v. Muncaster b. Pennington

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