Pennington Research Association

History of the

Pennington Research Association

Part II - Pennington Family Groups


This article was written by Marvin Jones, one of the original founders of the Pennington Research Association.  He has served in almost every position on the Executive Board and has contributed many articles and genealogical research to the Pennington Research Association.

This article is written in two (2) parts.  Part 1 discusses the publications of the PRA and Part 2 discusses the Family Groups.

Marvin served as the official Historian for the Pennington Research Association and published this article to help document the Pennington Research Association's history and the formation of many of its' Family Groups.

The Pennington Research Association awarded an Honorary Membership to Marvin in 1999 in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the PRA.

The reader is cautioned to remember this article was written in 1991 and therefore some of the information may have changed and may no longer be accurate.  For example, several of the Family Groups discussed in this article have been subsumed with other Family Groups.

As with all genealogical research, it is the researchers' responsibility to verify all sources themselves.  The reader may also find some of the information in this article conflicts with other information on this web site or in more recent publications of the Pennington Research Association.

Gene Pennington, Research Director, 12/28/00

History of the

Pennington Research Association

Part II - Pennington Family Groups

By Marvin Jones

At this point we will take a survey of the 24 assigned groups of Pennington progenitors plus a few prominent unassigned lines, in order to refresh our memories and to summarize what has been learned about them to this date.

Group 1

Ephraim Pennington, the progenitor of Group 1, is first found in the New Haven Colony of Connecticut where he swore allegiance to the Colony in 1644. His name appears in New Haven’s records until he d. about 1662. He left a widow, Mary, and a son, Ephraim, baptized 22 Oct 1648, and a daughter, Mary, baptized 22 Oct 1648. Ephraim m. Mary Brockett, daughter of John Brockett, 25 Oct 1667, in New Haven. Mary m. Jonathan Tompkins 12 Apr 1666. These families moved to Newark, New Jersey, by 1673 where they appear in the records of the city.

Ephraim II d. about 1692 leaving a widow and two known children, Ephraim III and Judah. Both of these sons are recorded as appearing in court 2 Apr 1703 on matters concerning their father’s estate.

A main source for information on the line of Ephraim’s son, Judah, appears in the article, "The Pennington Family", by Capt. A. C. M. Pennington, "reprinted with additions, from Vol. XXV of the N. E. Historical and Genealogical Register" Boston, printed by David Clapp & Son 1871." This article also appears in Pennington Pedigrees 2-3, pp. 31-50.

Judah became the progenitor of soldiers of the Revolutionary War, of William S., the Governor of New Jersey from 1813-1815, and of the Governor’s son, William, who also served as Governor from 1837-1843 and as a member of Congress.

According to Capt. Pennington, Judah’s brother, Ephraim III, moved to Mendham, Morris County, New Jersey. A will for Timothy Pennington was found there in 1749. One of his sons was named Ephraim. Several researchers, including Bob Sloan and Willis Lake, feel that Ephraim III is a likely progenitor of the Penningtons that settled in Old Rowan County, North Carolina, about 1760; however, no proof has been found of this. The parentage of Ephraim of New Haven remains unknown.

Group 2

Robert Pennington was b. on the Eastern Shore, Maryland 17 Jan 1754, and m. Rebecca Benn 1774. Rebecca was b. 16 Apr 1765. They were early converts to Methodism. Robert fought in the 5th Maryland in the Revolution. They came to Northumberland County, (now Centre County, Pennsylvania) in 1784. Robert was the preacher in the first Methodist church in Penn’s Valley, Centre Hall, Pennsylvania. Much of the data on this line was researched by Mrs. Mary Trickel of Oregon and was summarized in her article in Pennington Pedigrees 1-2, pp. 57-66.

Robert M. Pennington also is a descendant of this line and has researched Maryland records for many years looking for a clue as to the parents of the earlier Robert. During the course of his research, Robert M has contributed much data to Pennington Pedigrees.

Group 3

William Pennington was b. 28 Nov 1656, to Paul Pennington and Ann Simpson of Sunbreak, Parish of Aldingham, in the Furness District of North Lancashire, England.

William m. Margaret Hall on 22 Mar 1688. Their children are listed in the Swarthmore Monthly Meeting minutes of Lancashire. William and Margaret, along with their children Paul, Daniel, Thomas, Elizabeth, and Margaret, removed to Pennsylvania about 1717 where records of the family are found in Monthly Meeting minutes for years, especially in Bucks County. This is one of the most thoroughly documented lines because of the detailed record keeping of the Quakers. One of the early researchers of this Quaker line was Gilbert Cope whose papers can be found in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia. More recently James F. Perkins did a great deal of research trying to find a connection between Rev. Charles Pennington and the other Penningtons of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Another researcher of this area was R. P. Bailey, who wrote a definitive article on Group 3 which is found in Pennington Pedigrees 12-2, pp. 1-17 and concluded in 13-1, pp. 16-30, in which Dr. Bailey summarizes what is known of the Penningtons of Lancashire, England, and of Pennsylvania.

Note: At first, Group 3 was thought to be headed by Isaac Pennington, son of Sir Isaac Pennington and is so given in several articles in the Pennington Pedigrees. However, a careful study of the records has proven this not to be so.

Group 4

Richard Pennington is first found living in Old Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1777 where, according to his son, Daniel, he m. Hannah Boone Stewart, the youngest sister of the famous Daniel Boone. Daniel Pennington wrote to Dr. L. Draper that his parents were married "in nine miles of Shallow Ford, above the ford on the Yadkin River, Rowan County."

Earlier, a Richard and a Timothy are listed as the sons of Ephraim Peneton in the 1772 tax list of William Sharp of the Rowan County area. Still earlier, in 1761, Caleb Osborn’s tax list shows two Ephraim Penningtons in the same area as the Boones, Bryans and other related families. All of this is strong evidence that the Richard Pennington who married Hannah Boone was the son of one of the Ephraims of 1761.

Soon after their marriage, Richard and Hannah moved to Montgomery County, Virginia where Richard, Timothy, and Ephraim are listed as members of Enoch Ozborn’s militia company in 1781. In 1794, Richard and Ephraim filed on adjacent land in Wilkes County, North Carolina. The family moved on to Barren County, Kentucky where Richard and his sons, Joshua, Daniel, and Stewart lived near Line Creek with their growing families. Richard d. in White County, Tennessee, in 1813 and Hannah moved back to the part of Barren County that is now Monroe to live with her son, Daniel. Daniel spent most of his life in Monroe, while Joshua moved to Warren County, Tennessee, and Stewart lived out his life in McDonough County, Illinois. All three have left a multitude of descendants.

Beginning with Pennington Pedigrees 1-1, there is a large amount of material on the families of Richard’s descendants. Among the researchers have been Bess Hawthorne who wrote the book: Hannah Boone And Her Descendants, David Trimble, Carroll Pennington, Robert Sloan, Mary Kirby, and myself.

Group 5

The Rev. Charles Pennington was b. in New Britain Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, on 6 Jun 1758 according to his Revolutionary War papers. Charles’s wife was Cassandra Swartzlander. The only known children of this couple were John and Effie. Using his pension papers as the source, we find Charles moving to Rowan County, North Carolina, and on to Grayson County, Virginia where he lived for seventeen years. From there he moved to Clinch Mountain, Virginia, where he lived about five years. Charles next moved to White County, Tennessee where his son, John and wife, Nancy Harris, lived and raised a large family. In later moves, Charles and Cassandra went to Lawrence County, Indiana, and finally to Coles County, Illinois, where Casandra d. 25 Oct 1834 and Charles d. 5 Sep 1845, age 87.

Their daughter, Effie P. Connelly, had also moved to Coles County where she left many descendants.

James F. Perkins spent decades working on the Rev. Charles line and contributed many articles sharing his research, including an early one in Pennington Pedigrees 1-3, pp. 33-36.

Mrs. Ruth Johnson Jackel also contributed an article on this line in 5-2, pp. 31-43. David Coy later contributed an article giving the line of Effie Pennington Connely in 6-1, pp. 31-52.

Virginia Lang has also researched this line.

The parentage of Rev. Charles Pennington remains unknown.

Group 6

Levi Pennington is believed to be the Levy whose name appears on a 1759 tax list found in an old courthouse in Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina. Later on, a Levi witnessed a will in the same county. This name appears on several land records in the Deep River area of North Carolina. Many Quakers lived in this area of Guilford and Randolph Counties, including Levi and wife, Martha, b. 1714. A will for Levi can be found in Randolph County, North Carolina in Will Book 1, p. 79, dated 5 Dec 1789. A list of children is given therein.

The will of Levi Pennington Jr. was probated 1808 in Spartanburg District, North Carolina, will number 1518. Descendants of this family moved on to Lamar, Fayette County, Alabama. This information was contributed by Mrs. LeRoy (Penny) Floyd of Mississippi and Tennessee and can be found in Pennington Pedigrees 1-2, pp. 22-26. Mrs. Floyd also wrote an article on early Levi’s in 5-1, pp. 32-39. Levi Pennington’s parentage remains unknown.

Group 7

Micajah Pennington appears in the court records of Rowan County, North Carolina, in 1765-1766. In 1772, he was appointed Constable "in the neighborhood—up the Catawba River". He also was a Justice of the Peace in Wilkes County, North Carolina. Many feel that this was the Micajah Pennington who served with Capt. Enoch Osborn’s Company from Montgomery County, Virginia in the Revolutionary War. He apparently d. in Ashe County, North Carolina, about 1812. This is according to a power of attorney as given by his son. Benejah. More information on Micajah was found in a Bible record that gave his birth date as 28 April 1743. His wife was Rachel Jones, b. 12 Jun 1741. This couple was m. on 28 Jan 1761, and were the parents of ten children. They left a huge number of descendants in North Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, and on westward. Dozens of descendants have contributed to Pennington Pedigrees on their lines. Much of the early information was gathered by Bee Holmes. Early information on this line was summarized by Naola Pennington in 1-2, pp. 35-41.

Many researchers had long felt that a Benejah Pennington was the father of Micajah because of their close relationship over the years. In an attempt to prove this, Jerry Pennington of Seattle, Washington, hired a professional Genealogist, Mrs. Jo White Linn of Salisbury, North Carolina to search for a possible connection. Mrs. Linn went through all the published and unpublished material at her disposal, but could find no proof that Benejah was the father of Micajah. This search included the loose papers in the Archives at Raleigh, North Carolina.

An index to the Micajah material in Pennington Pedigrees was complied by Iris Hurst of Pennsylvania and published in 16-2, pages 14-40.

Group 8

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Pennington had their beginnings in Cecil County, Maryland, according to several researchers including Group Leader Patricia Dear of California, who stated in her article in Pennington Pedigrees 14-1, pp. 4-5, that she had documented that Abraham Pennington of early Cecil County, Maryland, was the same Abraham who moved to Virginia and later on to South Carolina where he d.. Abraham was listed as yeoman, planter, and Indian trader in the records.

Abraham sold land to John Graham in Cecil County, Maryland, in 1733. By this time the family had moved to Frederick County, Virginia, where deeds are found for Abraham and Jacob recorded in the 1740’s. These deeds are abstracted in 12-1, pp. 42-43. Frederick County was the home of Capt. Isaac Pennington where George Washington spent an uncomfortable night in 1748. (6-2, pp. 4-5.)

The will of Abraham Pennington, probated 29 May 1756, in Berkeley County, South Carolina, lists his children Isaac, Jacob, Abraham, John, and Abigail. (7-1, p. 21)

In 7-1, pp. 16-20, James F. Perkins discussed the possible connections between men named Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Pennington found in early Tennessee and Kentucky records. Comments on this article are found in 7-2, pp. 86-90.

Some comments by Mrs. Ruth Dickey were that the Penningtons who settled in Lawrence County, Tennessee were descendants of a Jacob, son of Isaac and Elizabeth Pennington. She also wrote that there was no proof that the Penningtons of Logan County, Kentucky were descendants of the Berkley County, South Carolina, line. Some of these Logan County Penningtons moved on to Arkansas. Sue Webb of Arkansas is one of the researchers on the Logan County Penningtons. Mrs. Dickey also stated that the Pennington of Lawrence County, Tennessee were of the South Carolina group. Cleo Hogan was among the many other researchers of this group.

The Pennington Research Association has had several queries concerning the family of the daughter of Capt. Isaac Pennington, Charity, who married Capt. James King of South Carolina, and also of the Casey who married into the South Carolina Penningtons.

The parentage of Abraham Pennington of Maryland, Virginia, and South Carolina, remains unknown.

Group 9

John Pennington of Cecil County, Maryland, is the progenitor of Group 9. The Group Leader, Mrs. Louise Throop, wrote in Pennington Pedigrees 7-1, pp. 56-57, that John Pennington of Bohemia River, Cecil County, Maryland, m. first Sarah Beadle 3 April 1716 in St. Stephens Parish. He m. second Mary Othoson. The children by both wives were b. in St. Stephens Parish, Cecilton, Cecil County, Maryland, according to parish records.

Mrs. Throop also had an article on John Pennington in 15-2, pp. 61-64.

Group 10

Thomas Pennington of Surry County, Virginia left a will dated 13 Feb 1701/02, in which he mentioned three sons: Thomas, Edward, and one son unnamed. This son is believed to have been John, b. 1691. Thomas’s wife’s name was Sarah George. Earlier, Thomas is mentioned in deeds about 1681. These deeds and will are abstracted in Pennington Pedigrees 1-3 pp. 42-47, in an article by Mrs. William Satori. Her line includes Thomas Jr., d. 1727, Surry County, Virginia whose will mentions wife Mary, sons Thomas, Edward, William, John George, James, and daughter Mary. The will didn’t mention son Benjamin, who was mentioned in his brother Edward’s will. This Benjamin m. Lucy, daughter of Walter Bailey, in Brunswick County, Virginia. There are a number of deeds registered for Benjamin in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.

Benjamin’s son, Edward, m. Nettie Lark about 1770 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. Several members of their family moved first to Lincoln County, Kentucky, then to Harrison County, Indiana, about 1800. Their son, Dennis, m. Elizabeth English. More information is included in this article by Mrs. William E. Satori of Kentucky.

A beginning researcher of Group 10 would do well to start his research by studying the article: "Thomas Pennington of Surry and Sussex Counties, Virginia" with an introductory discussion by Bob Sloan in 11-1, pp. 53-63. Group Leader, Mrs. Lillian Stamps and James A. Pennington contributed much of the material for the article. In addition to the line of Thomas Jr. and Sarah George Pennington, the line of his brother, Edward and his wife, Tabitha, and the line of a possible brother, John and his wife Phyllis (Forte?) were discussed.

Dr. Sloan wrote that "All the Penningtons of southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina before 1800 are descended a from single pair of ancestors, Thomas and Sarah George. Their descendants moved southwest into Sussex, Dinwiddie, Brunswick and Mecklenburg Counties, Virginia, and Halifax, Bertie, Anson, Wake and Montgomery Counties, North Carolina, before spreading west and dispersing." (A great deal of information on the Wake County, North Carolina, branch can be found in 6-1, pp. 16-32, in an article by James A. Pennington of Virginia).

Some corrections to the article as noted by Mrs. Stamps: p. 55, Thomas and Sarah George couldn’t have had son, David, b. 1717; nor daughter, Jane, b. 1714, because Thomas d. 1702; p. 55, the wife of John George Pennington was not Mary Smith, the daughter of John and Paulina Smith. Instead, she was the wife of his brother, James P. Sr. More detail is given in 17-2, pp. 7-10, by Mrs. Stamps. John George Pennington was her ancestor. A correction that I will add concerns an item on p. 55 of the summary article that states Joel Pennington, b. 1744, was the same Joel living in McDonough County, Illinois. The McDonough County Joel was b. in 1803 in Barren County, Kentucky. The father of Thomas, 1702, is believed to be Edward who came to Virginia with Nathaniel Bacon about 1650. There is an index to the Thomas of 1702 data in 20-2, pp. 52-58 by Lillian Stamps.

Group 11

(Ed. Note: so much has changed recently in this group that I have substituted the following article by Betty Inman written in Jan, 1994 for Mr. Jones’ original paragraphs on Group 11.)

Much has been written about all of the Abels. No one has been able to separate the many of that name who happened to be in Kentucky in the 1800’s. It may prove easier for new members of PRA to place their own lines if we do away with the numbers and the Juniors and Seniors and name each man by the area in which his family lived. The Roman numerals are included below for information in reading early articles, but their use is now discouraged.

Abel of Alabama (Abel I)

Abel Pennington is first known to be in Wilkes County, North Carolina in 1778. Four of his children were b. in South Carolina. When he was unable to get a deed for the property he had lived on and improved, he removed his family to Georgia. He and his sons bought and sold property and progressed across Georgia into Mississippi Territory and then on to Alabama. His will in Tuscaloosa is dated Feb 1819, with his son Abel as executor. This son is well documented in the Alabama area as late as 1838. Besides being a sheriff, he continued to run the mill his father had built. (Pennington Pedigrees 1-3, 6-2, 7-2, 9-2, 10-2, 11-l, 18-2)

Abel of Greenville, South Carolina

An Abel Pennington is listed in the 1790 national census of Greenville County, South Carolina. He and his wife Christian sold land in Greenville in 1803. Researchers are working a probable connection between this line and the Kentucky Abels. Abel of Clay County, Kentucky and Hendricks County, Indiana (Abel II)

This Abel was b. in South Carolina. He received many land grants on the Kentucky River, and helped organize Baptist churches in 1815 and in 1828. He d. in 1847 in Hendricks County, Indiana. (Pennington Pedigrees 4-1, 5-1, 7-2, 21-1)

Abel of Perry and Owsley County, Kentucky (Abel III)

Abel, son of Abel of Clay County, above, was b. in 1797. He m. Elizabeth Bolling, daughter of Jessie Bolling and Mary Pennington Bolling in 1815. He helped his father-in-law develop Perry County, and later became a judge. He d. in Jackson County, Kentucky in 1881. (Pennington Pedigrees 7-2, 8-2, 9-1, 11-1)

Abel of Northeast Kentucky (Abel IV)

Bee Holmes listed the father of this Abel as William of northeast Kentucky, b. about 1763/65 in Wilkes County, North Carolina. Abel, the second child of William and his wife Abrigail Caudill was b. in South Carolina 20 Aug 1789. The family next appears in Lee County, Virginia. Here William bought land on the Powell River and became a blacksmith. In about 1804 he moved his family to the other side of Black Mountain to the Poor Fork of the Cumberland River. This area was in Knox County, Kentucky, which later became Harlan County. Here William and Abrigail, along with son Abel and his wife Elizabeth Smith, helped found the Oven Fork Baptist Church. Abel served in the War of 1812.

By 1830-34 the entire family had moved to Lawrence County, Kentucky. William d. in

1844; Abel d. in 1865. Since William and Abby had 12 children, and 11 of those had large families, there are many of this line in Lawrence, Carter, and Elliot counties, as well as across the country. At least 987 descendants of William have been listed. (Pennington Pedigrees 1-3, 1-4, 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 3-2, 4-1, 5-1, 6-2, 7-1, 7-2, 8-1, 8-2, 9-1, 10-1, 11-1, 11-2)

Group 12

Samuel Pennington of Ashe County, North Carolina is the progenitor of Mae Pennington of Missouri whose article "So Great A Cloud Of Witnesses" in Pennington Pedigrees 2-2, pp. 31-41, gives much of the information on this family. Samuel, about 1800, raised his family in Grassy Creek, Grayson County, Virginia. Grassy Creek is partly in Ashe County, North Carolina, which leaves some confusion as to what state the family lived in. Mae Pennington’s great-grandfather, Stephen, was b. 24 Mar 1821 in Grayson County, Virginia. The parentage of Samuel Pennington is unknown.

Group 13

Timothy Pennington is first found in a 1772 list of taxables of Rowan County, North Carolina taken by William Sharp. Among the men listed were Ephraim "Peneton" and sons Richard and Timothy. This document was discovered by Mrs. Jo White Linn, a genealogist of Salisbury, North Carolina, and was published in the Rowan County Register, May 1987, pp. 342-344. More information is given in Pennington Pedigrees 19-2, pp. 2-3.

A Timothy was in Capt. Enoch Osborn’s Company of Militia from Montgomery County, Virginia in 1781, 1782, and 1783. Also in this company were Richard, Robert, Joshua, and Ephraim Pennington. Timothy is also on the 1782 and 1785 tax lists of Montgomery County, Virginia.

Timothy appears on the 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, and 1803 tax lists of Russell County, Virginia. There are two deeds on record in Russell County, concerning Timothy dated 1803. Moses, Asa, and Joel were also living nearby during that time period.

Evidently, the family moved on to Lincoln County, Kentucky, soon afterwards as we find an Asa Pennington paying taxes there on 21 Jun 1803. Asa, Joel, Moses, Simon, and Timothy "Peniton" are all listed on 8 Jul 1805. On 2 Aug 1806, we find Joel, Moses, and Simon listed. This information was taken from the book Early Kentucky Householders 1787-1811, by James F. Sutherland and reprinted in 21-2, pp. 30-31.

From 1809 through 1816, Timothy is on the tax lists of Barren County, Kentucky. Also, Simeon, Moses, John Stewart P. and sons, and other Penningtons are living neighbors to each other.

The well-researched Riggs Pennington is also placed in this group based on strong circumstantial evidence. The first article published on Riggs was in 1-1, pp. 55-56. The author states that Riggs m. Joanna Osborn in Kentucky in 1815. Soon afterwards they moved to Crawford County, Indiana, where their son, Elijah, was b. in 1819. Riggs moved on to Franklin County, Illinois, where he is found in the 1820 census, and continued northwestward to Schuyler County, Illinois where a history stated that Riggs Pennington and his nephews William, Joel, and Riley moved to the county in 1824. The nephews were sons of Moses, the son of Timothy. Riggs lived in McDonough County, Illinois, for a while and was in Knox County, Illinois, by 1828, where a history called him the most prominent citizen of northwestern Illinois. About 1837, he left for Texas where he settled in Washington County where he became a large landowner. Riggs d. in Washington County in 1869.

Also in this group is Moses Pennington whose children are listed in 5-1 pp. 43-53, by Fran Laaker. His widow, Ann, and family lived at least part of their lives in Schuyler and McDonough Counties, Illinois.

Another assumed son of Timothy is Asa Pennington, b. 26 Aug 1775, probably North Carolina, d. 26 Sep 1853, Lawrence County, Missouri. His line can be found in 21-1, pp. 31-35 in an article contributed by M. Maxine Connell of Missouri.

A huge number of descendants has been credited to Timothy and a good share of the magazines have something on this family so the best place to start research on this group is in 21-1, pp. 54-55, where an index of Timothy material by Fran Laaker is published.

Note: There are some references stating this Timothy belonged to the Thomas, 1702, group. There is no evidence to support this theory.

Fran Laaker, Paul and Frankye Andres, Mrs. Leon Garner, and Edna Miller have contributed much to this line.

The father of Timothy Pennington was Ephraim of Rowan County, North Carolina.

Group 14

Edmund Pennington, about 1753-1813, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, was the progenitor of Group 14. Edmund first appeared in 1776 as a single man in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania. Apparently, he lived in this general area the rest of his life. His name appears in Dublin Township as late as 1809. His name also appears in Guynedd and Hatfield townships. Edmund is buried in the Montgomeryville Baptist Church graveyard. The tombstone reads as follows, "In memory of Edmund Penington departed this life April 23, 1813 in the 60th year of his life." The inscription on his wife Mary’s tombstone reads: "In memory of Mary Penington, wife of Edmund Penington, who departed from this life March 13, 1810, in the 65th year of her life". Edmund and Mary had a son, Jesse, b. 17 Apr 1779. Jessie m. Rebecca Colley,

daughter of Jonathon Colley, about 1800. Jessie and Rebecca’s son, Jessie Colley was b. 4 Jul 1817, d. 4 Mar 1889 in Cherokee County, Iowa, and is buried in Silver Township Cemetery. He was the great-grandfather of Lee Pennington of Iowa, who submitted the above material to Pennington Pedigrees 1-3, pp. 36-38.

A detailed study of Edmund Pennington and his descendants has been made by Dr. Richard Bailey and published in two parts, 14-2, pp. 10-20, and 15-1, pp. 27-41. Dr. Bailey descends from Jonathan Colley Pennington, the eldest son of Jessie and Rebecca. Several researchers of this line are mentioned in 16-1 pp. 46-52, along with other information on Group 14.

Note: Dr. Bailey states that Edmund d. 22 April 1813 rather than 13 April.

Many researchers have tried to connect Edmund Pennington with the Quaker Penningtons of Pennsylvania, but haven’t found any connection. The parentage of Edmund Pennington remains unknown.

Group 15

William Thomas Pennington was b. 1784 in North Carolina, according to the 1850 census (State not given). He m. Sally Ausben (Osborn?) according to Ollie Pennington, Oneida, Tennessee. Children: Fielding, b. 17 Oct 1817, Whitley County, Kentucky, m. Mary Elizabeth Chambers of Scott County, (There were early day Whitley County, Kentucky, Penningtons); George W., b. 1824 Kentucky, d. 1887, m. Lakey Chambers; Andy Martin, under 21 in 1868 (probably too young to be W. T.’s son unless by a later marriage); Rachel, b. 17 Jul 1819, d. 17 Apr 1890, m. Bejamin Bennett; Martha Elizabeth m. Shedrick Chandler; Cynthia, m. Crowley; and Mack.

The above data came from Pennington Pedigrees 9-2 pp. 37-38. Additional material can be found in 10-1, pp. 42-43.

Researchers of this line include Betty Howard, California; Penny Nielson, Nevada;

Bess Weber, Arizona; Selah Harness, Tennessee; and Buford Lay, Texas.

Group 16

Simeon Pennington appears with Timothy in Russell County, Virginia about 1800, and later with the same group in Lincoln County, Kentucky. 1810 finds Timothy, Stewart, Simeon, Ruben, Moses, Joshua, and Daniel living on or near Line Creek in Barren County, Kentucky (Now Monroe County). By 1850, Simeon, age 75, is living with his son, and a Lyddia, age 60, who could be his wife (Jackson County, Tennessee).

In Pennington Pedigrees 4-2, pp. 42-45, the late Flora Smith of California, attempted to bring her Simeon line back to Paul Pennington who was buried at Henham, Essex before 1557. There was no documentation to support this lineage. On page 43, she has Thomas b. 1695, as the son of William, son of Isaac Pennington, the Quaker. Actually, this Thomas was the son of William of Sunbreak, England whose children migrated with him to Bucks County, Pennsylvania about 1720. Also, there is no documentation that Asa Pennington, b. in Norfolk, Virginia in 1750, was the father of Riggs, Simeon, and Asa as mentioned in her article.

Flora Smith and others give the known children of Simeon as: Samuel (Jackson County, Tennessee); Elizabeth, b. 1797 m. Anthony Pennington in Kentucky; Asa, b. 1805, m. Anna; Whitson b. 1811 in Barren County, Kentucky m. Mary Chapman; d. in Osage, Missouri during the Civil War as a prisoner; Phebe, b. 12 May 1814 m. John Carr Beck; Willis, b. 1815 in Barren County, Kentucky.

Researchers on this line also include Jeanne Martin of Washington and R. Corbin Pennington of Colorado.

Robert Plumlee of Oklahoma has collected hundreds of census and other records concerning the Penningtons, Plumlees, and related families of the Monroe County, Kentucky, and Jackson County, Tennessee, trying to connect the families of Simeon and others of that area.

According to the evidence noted, the father of Simeon was Timothy, the son of Ephraim of Rowan County, North Carolina.

Group 17

James Pennington of Minnesota is first mentioned in a document on file in the Archives of New Brunswick concerning land James laid claim to due to his service in the Queens Rangers written about 1786. In 1803, James wrote a letter to Gov. Thomas Carlton as he was still having land title problems.

James Pennington is also mentioned in Loyalists of New Brunswick by Dr. Esther Clark Wright: "James Pennington, Queens Rangers, received a grant of land in Saint John, New Brunswick, then known as Parrton, before coming to York County."

This James Pennington was m. to Mary Price. His son, James, m. Mary Ann Gallop on 2 Aug 1827 in York County, New Brunswick. Another son, William McKeen, m. 20 Jul 1820 to Elizabeth Pennington. A William Kinon m. Deborah Pennington 5 Jul 1827 which, most likely, is the same William. These items are found in Pennington Pedigrees 4-2, pp. 21-22, and were submitted by Vacil Kalinoff of New Mexico.

After a stop in Houlton, Maine, James Pennington Jr., moved on to Minnesota. His granddaughter, Sarah Pennington Uhler, wrote a history of this family in 1956. In it she stated that James was the first white settler of Kanabec County, Minnesota, and lived on Pennington Lake. He and his sons were in the lumber business. This history was shared with us by Sarah Uhler’s daughter, Helen Reser, of Washington.

Henry Pennington, son of James’s brother, William, was b. in Maine and migrated westward to Milnor, North Dakota, where he became a pioneer businessman.

More on this family can be found in 3-1 pp. 61-63, in an article submitted by Marvin T. Jones.

The definitive article on the line of James Pennington of New Brunswick was written by Vacil Kalinoff and published in 15-1, pp. 20-26. The parentage of James Pennington of New Brunswick remains unknown.

Group 18

Sir Isaac Pennington of London had only one known descendant who was an early emigrant to what is now the United States.

Sir Isaac’s son, known as Isaac the Quaker, had a son, Edward, b. 3 Sep 1667 in the Parish of Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England. Edward was appointed Surveyor General of Pennsylvania, by his kinsman, William Penn on 26 Apr 16, 1698. Edward m. Sarah Jenings, daughter of Samuel Jenings 16 Nov 1699 at Burlington Friend’s Meeting, New Jersey.

Edward Penington d. in Philadelphia 11 Nov 1701. His widow, Sarah, m. second Thomas Stevenson Jr. in 1704. This Thomas was the grandson of Thomas Stevenson, b. 1615, who came from England and settled in the New Haven Colony.

The only child of Edward and Sarah Jenings Penington was Isaac who was active in Bucks County, Pennsylvania affairs. He m. 5 Nov 1725 Ann Biles, a member of a prominent Bucks County family. They had two daughters and one son who grew to adulthood. Isaac d. 5 Jul 1742, and Ann d. 22 Feb 1748.

Edward, the oldest son of Isaac and Ann Biles Pennington was b. in Bucks County, Pennsylvania on 4 Dec 1726. He removed to Philadelphia at an early age and became a successful businessman. His beautiful home was occupied by a British officer during the Revolutionary War. As a Quaker he opposed the war. He was ordered under arrest and sent to Virginia. His house was damaged by a mob at the conclusion of the War. Pennington was elected a member of the Council in 1790.

Edward Pennington m. Sarah Shoemaker 26 Nov 1754. Their sons were Isaac, Edward, Benjamin, and John. Their daughters were Mary and Ann. Their families and descendants continued to play a part in Philadelphia and other communities. However, "Very few descendants survive of this notable family of distinguished ancestry, offspring of the doughty Old Mayor of London, the friend and follower of Cromwell."

The above quotation and the other information on the American descendants of Sir Isaac Penington were taken from The North American Philadelphia (Sunday, 26 Apr 1908) conducted by Frank Willings Leach in an article on Old Philadelphia Families. Our first Genealogist, W. P. Johnson, obtained this article, and the Cope Collection, from the Pennsylvania Archives.

Group 19

Richard Pennington of West Virginia first appears in Pendleton County, Virginia (Now West Virginia) on a muster roll of Capt. William Gragg’s Militia County, 9 Sep 1794. (There was a Richard Pennington living in Hampshire County in 1784 which could be this Richard) A Richard "Penalaton" is listed in the land surveys of 1799-1800. Also, Richard Pennington, Jr. appears in the surveys for that time period and at least to 1814. This and more information can be found in Pennington Pedigrees 3-2, pp. 31-38, in an article by Mrs. Dorris Knibb of Washington. The parentage of Richard Pennington remains unknown.

Group 20

Nathaniel Pennington was at first thought to have been b. in England 5 Aug 1788 and to have d. 7 Aug 1863 in North Wilna, New York. He was to have m. Ruth___ b. 13 Feb 1790 in England; d. 7 Sep 1858, North Wilna, New York. This information was sent in by Patricia Pennington of Minnesota and published in Pennington Pedigrees 9-1, pp. 60-61.

In a 1987 letter, Mrs. Pennington gave the results of her later research. She now believes that Nathaniel was of New Jersey, probably b. in Bernardston. A Nathaniel was found in the 1830 census of Warren County, New Jersey.

Nathaniel had one known child, John M. Pennington, b. 2 Dec 1809 in Warren County, New Jersey; m. to Susan Osborn, 11 Sep 1830, in New Jersey; and d. 18 Oct 1877, in North Wilna, New York. John was a hatter and lived in Plainfield, New Jersey until about 1845 when he moved to New York.

Mrs. Pennington included evidence that suggested that Nathaniel’s father was John Pennington, b. 3 Sep 1761 at Mendham, Morris County, New Jersey, and d. 21 Sep 1841 at Warren, Somerset County, New Jersey; m. to Jane Avres, living in 1853 at Warren, New Jersey (Revolutionary War pension records).

Children and possible children of John and Jane Pennington: Mary m. to Samuel Smalley, moved to Macopin County, Illinois (9-1, p. 21) (An A. Smalley belonged to the Mt. Bethel Meeting House of Somerset County, New Jersey in 1818 as did an Ephraim Pennington and John "Peniton", as printed in the Somerset County Historical Quarterly); Elijah, b. 1786, moved to Macoupin County, Illinois (4-1, p. 19); Nathaniel, Mrs. Pennington’s ancestor. Other possible children are Lydia, Jane, Sarah, William, John, James, and Elizabeth.

An early researcher of this line was Les Pennington of Washington who was one of the first of our members to visit Muncaster Castle in England. The above data suggests a connection with Timothy Pennington whose will was filed in Morris County, New Jersey, in 1749.

Group 21

This group consists of the Penningtons of Delaware. I don’t recall any of the members of Pennington Research Association tracing their lineage back to this group, however, a great deal of data on Penningtons of the Delaware Peninsula can be found in The Reverend Joseph Brown Turner Genealogical Collection: "Living On The Delaware Peninsula" found in the State Archives, Hall Of Records, Dover, Delaware. Most of the records are of Cecil County, Maryland, and of the early Penningtons in England.

Group 22

Elias Green Pennington "was b. 16 Apr 1809, South Carolina; d. 10 Jun 1869. He was killed by Apaches while plowing on his farm below Fort Crittenden on the Sonoita Creek, Arizona Territory. ...m. 8 Sep 1831 to Julia Ann Hood, b. 13 Feb 1815, North Carolina, place of marriage unknown; d. Sep 1855, Fannin County, Texas, near Honey Grove. Her parents unknown. She was m. at 16, had 12 children, and d. at age 40." Pennington Pedigrees 12-2, pp. 59-62 has an article by Marshall Pennington of Texas who also gives a list of the children including the most famous, Larcena Ann, who was kidnapped by the Apaches and had a harrowing escape. Mr. Pennington prepared an index for the material published on Elias Green Pennington which was printed in 17-2, pp. 81-85. The parentage of Elias Green Pennington remains unknown.

Group 23

Joseph Pennington and his wife, Grace (Martindale) Pennington were living in Patrick County, Virginia in 1797. A deed describes the location of land sold by Joseph Pennington, 30 Jan 1797 "joining Isaac Pennington and Daniel Martindale."

Another deed, dated 25 Sep 1797, describes the sale of land by owners, Rachel Martindale, Daniel Jr., and John Martindale, Joseph Pennington and his wife Grace selling to Ricard Davison.

The 1820 census of Patrick County, Virginia, lists Grace Pennington as Head of family with six children.

On 22 Oct 1825, land records in Surry County, North Carolina, lists sale of land by Joseph Pennington to Samuel Pennington, with John Martindale as witness. According to family histories, the family of Joseph and Grace Pennington moved from Surry County, North Carolina to Lawrence County, Indiana. From there, they moved to Greene County, Indiana, and then to Monroe County, Indiana.

The 1830 census of Greene County, Indiana, lists Joseph Pennington, age 50-60, and a female 45-50.

From the estate settlement and sale, Joseph Pennington d. about 1839 in Monroe County, Indiana. A guardian was appointed for his youngest son, Isaac, b. 9 May 1826. There were ten children.

The data on Joseph Pennington was taken from Pennington Pedigrees 6-1, pp. 52-53, submitted by Mrs. Iris D. Collins of California.  The parentage of Joseph Pennington remains unknown.

Group 24

Josiah Pennington was b. about 1741, place unknown. He had come to Baltimore, Maryland, prior to his marriage to Jemima Hanson, daughter of Jonathan and Sarah Spicer Hanson on 24 Feb 1771 in Baltimore which is recorded on the Register of St. Paul’s church. Josiah (Josias) and Jemima and their descendants played an active role in the affairs of Baltimore, many of them named Josias. Information on this family was published in Pennington Pedigrees 4-2, pp 71-73.

A definitive article on the Penningtons of Baltimore, Maryland, was written by Dr. R. P. Bailey which can be found in 16-2, pp. 43-48. The parentage of Josias Pennington remains unknown.

Other Groups, Not Yet Numbered:

Timothy Pennington

Timothy and Mary Fullen Pennington of Rockcastle, Virginia and Lincoln County, Kentucky. This family moved from Rockbridge County, Virginia, to Lincoln County, about 1790, and had a large family. One was Ephraim who became a Judge. Another was James whose son, John, had Pennington, California named after him.

The definitive article on this family is found in PP 21-2, pp. 15-27, written by Marvin T. Jones.

The above Timothy should not be confused with Timothy, son of an another Ephraim, who also lived in Lincoln County in the early 1800’s and who moved on to Barren County, Kentucky.

Robert Pennington

Robert Pennington of Adair and Russell Counties, Kentucky first appears on the tax rolls of 1817. In 1819, the name of his son, Royal(Riley) appears. Royal had m. Betsy Kerns in 1817. Also there are marriage records for Robert’s daughters, Sarah and Pollie. Also in Russell County records were Ephraim and Jeptha Pennington who probably were close relatives of Royal. Sometime before 1850, Royal’s family moved to Missouri where Royal’s estate was probated in 1855.

An interesting footnote to this line is that the grandson of Royal Pennington, James, m. Katie Shanks, who was a descendant of Timothy Pennington’s son, Ephraim, of Lincoln, County, Kentucky. The Robert Pennington line was researched by Cindy Pennington of Utah. who hasn’t been able to find his parentage.

Wheeler Pennington

Wheeler Pennington of Monroe County, Virginia/West Virginia has been mentioned in several Pennington Pedigrees. He is mentioned in several references as living in Monroe County in 1799, 1800, 1810 to 1850 censuses, and records of the 1860’s.

The definitive article on this line was published in PP 22-2, pp. 59-90, as written by Ric Blake of New Hampshire. Others who have contributed much to this line are Arthur Pennington of Ohio, Mildred Craghead of West Virginia, and Sybil Hampton of Maryland.


A study of the early Pennington forbears shows that they were concentrated in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The only Pennington family with issue or in marriage records in the New England states that I have found was the Ephraim Pennington family found in New Haven, Connecticut by the 1640’s. The children of this family moved on to New Jersey after 1660.

A multitude of descendants of these progenitors later were found in Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Texas, and onward to all the other states.

By the fall of 1990, forty-seven issues of Pennington Pedigrees have been published which means over four thousand five hundred pages of data. Among these pages can be found some repetition and some incorrect data; however, the magazines are a gold mine of information. To my knowledge no other surname organization equals the success of PRA in collecting and publishing information. Its membership has ranged from two hundred fifty to 320 over the years.

In spite of all of this information and the thousands of hours spent in collecting it, a good share of the problems concerning the progenitors of the many Pennington lines remains unsolved. This leaves plenty of puzzles for future researchers to solve.

My goals in writing this history were to give an account of how the Pennington Research Association grew from the exchange of Pennington data among a dozen or so researchers in the mid-1960’s to the well written, professional magazine that it has been for over two decades, and also to give an indication of the type of material published and of the people who presented the material. Another goal was to mention the contributions of some of the people involved in its success. Many, not mentioned in this brief history, also played roles in the success of PRA. Finally, I wanted to summarize what is known of the major Pennington progenitors.

Marvin T. Jones, Historian

Pennington Research Association

Wyndmere, North Dakota

May 1991

Copyright © 1991, & 2000 Marvin Jones, 12/28/00

The three words on the scroll of the Coats of Arms are "Vincit amor patriae"

"Vincit amor patriae" means "The love of my country prevails" or "Love of Country Conquers" which is the United States Army 28th Infantry Regiment's motto.   "Vincent amor patriae laudumque immensa cupido" means "The love of my country exceeds everything."

The following motto appears in English above the mountain cat of the original Baron Muncaster Crest.  "Firm, Vigilant, Active" -Virg. AEn. vi. 823 v. Muncaster b. Pennington

Pennington Research Association, Inc. is a 501 (c) (3) organization and donations are tax deductible.  Comments and suggestions are always welcome.  Copyright 2000 - 2021 Pennington Research Association, Inc. - All Rights Reserved 

Powered by Wild Apricot Membership Software